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47th Foot Regiment

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Anglo Normans
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19th Foot Regiment
Battle of the Standard
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The 47th Foot

Raised in 1741 using various Colonels names until 1751 then being designated 47th Foot. Its first service came in 1745 when the Jacobite Rebellion broke out. They were stationed at Edinburgh at the time, eight companies were assembled at Stirling with the 13th Dragoons, 44th & 46th Foot. They were part of a 1400 strong force which too part in the Battle of Prestonpans. The two companies left at Edinburgh Castle saw action in the defence of the Castle & the City.

Its first service outside England came in 1748 when they sailed for Ireland, then in 1750 to Nova Scotia Canada. Where in 1758 it was part of a force under General Wolfe which captured the French Garrison of Louisburg. During the siege the French lost over 1000 men, the Regiment had 9 killed, 30 wounded.

The following year the Regiment took part in the overthrown of the French power in Canada when General Wolfe made his attack on Quebec on 13th September 1759. At 2 o’clock in the morning the troops on board the boats sailed down the St.Lawrence River. After climbing the cliffs they formed up on the ground known as "The Plains of Abraham". The Regiment being right centre of the line between Artillery & the 43rd Regiment. At 9 o’clock the French started forming their line. General Wolfe sent an order for all troops to load an additional ball in their muskets. When the British fired their first volley the French line appeared a shattered wreck, after a further volley the British charged and the battle was won.

The Regiment remained there until 1762 when it went back to Ireland until 1773 when it was ordered to America. They landed and were quartered in the state of New Jersey, moving to Boston the following year. Service in the following two years involved skirmishing & various attacks cam to a head at the "Battle of Bunker Hill" on the 17th June 1775. After winning the battle they were stationed at Charlestown. Their service continued until the British surrender at Saratoga in the summer of 1778 when they returned to Canada after which in 1781 they returned to England.

The British Line Infantry of this period were made up of a Regiment of about 450 man. The main part of the Regiment was its 8 "Battalion" Companies with a "Grenadier" and "Light" Company as their "Flank" Companies. During the A.W.I. the Regiment’s Grenadier & Light Companies were banded together in Battalion strength and served as independent bodies.

The dress of a Soldier of the Battalion Company consisted of a cocked hat three cornered, edged with white tape around. A Regimental cost of red cloth lined with white, reaching below the knee. It had a fall down collar, round cuffs, lapels to the waist. All in the facing colour of the Regiment (47th Foot white). Buttonholes were bound around with lace of a Regimental pattern. They had a waistcoat under the cost & wore breeches. But on service wore black gaiters with white linen tops to protect the breeches from becoming soiled. Their equipment consisted of a black leather cartridge pouch, a bayonet both suspended from white shoulder belts of which one has a metal plate on it with the Regiment’s number or badge. A linen haversack & waterbottle of metal or wood were also carried in the hip. The Soldiers firearm was the ‘Brown Bess’ (short land service new pattern) Musket. A flintlock weapon of 0.75 calibre, weighed approximately 10 pounds. Drummers & Fifers were the pride of the Regiment, how they were dressed, Officers made it their business to see that their Musicians were well furnished in attractive uniform.

It was the practice to dress then in "reverse" colours, ie. What the facing colour was of the Regiment, was used for the colour of the coat, with the cuff & collar being red. With lace shoulder "wings", reverse chevrons running up the sleeve & additional lace on the back cost seams. Their caps were back bearskin (like those of Grenadiers) with a special front plate with trophies of colours & drums with the Royal Crest device on it. The back o the caps would bear the Regiments number or badge . Drummers & Fifers carried a short Scimitar bladed sword.

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